Checklist of Birds of Canoe Creek Watershed Important Bird Area

Members of Juniata Valley Audubon have been monitoring bird populations in the Canoe Creek Watershed since 1992. The occurrence of more than 220 species has been documented at this location since then — 125 of these nest in the watershed. Fifteen are Species of Special Concern in Pennsylvania. Because of its diversity and concentration of birdlife, the Canoe Creek Watershed has been declared an Important Bird Area (IBA) by the Pennsylvania Biological Survey, certifying this locale’s significance to the Keystone State’s avifauna.

Name in CAPITALS = breeding species within Canoe Creek Watershed IBA

__   Red‑throated Loon Gavia stellata
__   Common Loon Gavia immmer
__   Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
__   Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
__   Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
__   Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
__   Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
__   GREAT BLUE HERON Ardea herodias
__   Great Egret Ardea albua
__   Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
__   GREEN HERON Butorides virescens
__   Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
__   Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
__   TURKEY VULTURE Cathartes aura
__   Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
__   CANADA GOOSE Branta canadensis
__   Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus
__   WOOD DUCK Aix sponsa
__   Gadwall Anas strepera
__   American Wigeon Anas americana
__   AMERICAN BLACK DUCK Anas rubripes
__   MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos
__   BLUE-WINGED TEAL Anas discors
__   Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
__   Northern Pintail Anas acuta
__   Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
__   Canvasback Aythya valisineria
__   Redhead Aythya americana
__   Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
__   Greater Scaup Aythya marila
__   Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
__   White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca
__   Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
__   Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
__   Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
__   HOODED MERGANSER Lophodytes cucullatus
__   Common Merganser Mergus merganser
__   Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
__   Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
__   Osprey Pandion haliaetus
__   Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
__   Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
__   SHARP-SHINNED HAWK Accipiter striatus
__   COOPER'S HAWK Accipiter cooperii
__   Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
__   RED-SHOULDERED HAWK Buteo lineatus
__   BROAD-WINGED HAWK Buteo platypterus
__   RED-TAILED HAWK Buteo jamaicensis
__   Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
__   Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
__   AMERICAN KESTREL Falco sparverius
__   Merlin Falco columbarius
__   Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
__   RING-NECKED PHEASANT Phasianus colchicus
__   RUFFED GROUSE Bonasa umbellus
__   WILD TURKEY Meleagris gallopavo
__   Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
__   Virginia Rail Rallus limicola
__   Sora Porzana carolina
__   AMERICAN COOT Fulica americana
__   Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
__   American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
__   Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
__   KILLDEER Charadrirrs vociferus
__   American Avocet Recurvirostra americana
__   Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
__   Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
__   Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
__   Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
__   Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
__   Sanderling Calidris alba
__   Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
__   Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
__   Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melantus
__   Dunlin Calidris alpina
__   Short‑billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
__   Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata
__   AMERICAN WOODCOCK Scolopax minor
__   Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia
__   Ring‑billed Gull Larus delawarensis
__   Herring Gull Larus argentatus
__   Great Black‑backed Gull Larus marinas
__   Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
__   Common Tern Sterna hirundo
__   Forster's Tern Sterna fosteri
__   ROCK PIGEON Columba livia
__   MOURNING DOVE Zenaida macroura
__   BLACK‑BILLED CUCKOO Coccyzus erythropthalmus
__   YELLOW‑BILLED CUCKOO Coccyzus americanus
__   BARN OWL Tyto alba
__   EASTERN SCREECH‑OWL Otus asio
__   GREAT HORNED OWL Bubo virginianus
__   Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca
__   BARRED OWL Strix varia
__   Long‑eared Owl Asio otus
__   NORTHERN SAW‑WHET OWL Aegolius acadicus
__   COMMON NIGHTHAWK Chordeiles minor
__   WHIP‑POOR‑WILL Caprimulgus vociferus
__   CHIMNEY SWIFT Chaetura pelagica
__   RUBY‑THROATED HUMMINGBIRD Archilochus colubris
__   BELTED KINGFISHER Ceryle alcyon
__   RED‑HEADED WOODPECKER Melanerpes erythrocephalus
__   RED‑BELLIED WOODPECKER Melanerpes carolinus
__   YELLOW‑BELLIED SAPSUCKER Sphyrapicus varius
__   DOWNY WOODPECKER Picoides pubescens
__   HAIRY WOODPECKER Picoides villosus
__   NORTHERN FLICKER Colaptes auratus
__   PILEATED WOODPECKER Dryocopus pileatus
__   Olive‑sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
__   EASTERN WOOD‑PEWEE Contopus virens
__   ACADIAN FLYCATCHER Empidonax virescens
__   ALDER FLYCATCHER Empidonax alnorum
__   WILLOW FLYCATCHER Empidonax traillii
__   LEAST FLYCATCHER Empidonax minimus
__   EASTERN PHOEBE Sayornis phoebe
__   GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER Myiarchus crinitus
__   EASTERN KINGBIRD Tyrannus tyrannus
__   WHITE‑EYED VIREO Vireo griseus
__   YELLOW‑THROATED VIREO Vireo flavifrons
__   BLUE‑HEADED VIREO Vireo solitarius
__   WARBLING VIREO Vireo gilvus
__   RED‑EYED VIREO Vireo olivaceus
__   BLUE JAY Cyanocitta cristata
__   AMERICAN CROW Corvus brachyrhynchos
__   Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus
__   COMMON RAVEN Corvus corax
__   Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
__   TREE SWALLOW Tachycineta bicolor
__   NORTHERN ROUGH‑WINGED SWALLOW Stelgidopteryx serripennis
__   Bank Swallow Riparia riperia
__   Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
__   BARN SWALLOW Hirundo rustica
__   BLACK‑CAPPED CHICKADEE Poecile atricapillus
__   TUFTED TITMOUSE Baeolophrus bicolor
__   Red‑breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis
__   WHITE‑BREASTED NUTHATCH Sitta carolinensis
__   BROWN CREEPER Certhia americana
__   CAROLINA WREN Thryothorus ludovicianus
__   HOUSE WREN Troglodytes aedon
__   WINTER WREN Troglodytes troglodytes
__   GOLDEN‑CROWNED KINGLET Regulus satrapa
__   Ruby‑crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
__   BLUE‑GRAY GNATCATCHER Polioptila caerulea
__   EASTERN BLUEBIRD Sialia sialis
__   VEERY Catharus fuscescens
__   Gray‑cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus
__   Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
__   HERMIT THRUSH Catharus guttatus
__   WOOD THRUSH Hylocichla mustelina
__   AMERICAN ROBIN Turdus migratorius
__   GRAY CATBIRD Dumetella carolinensis
__   NORTHERN MOCKINGBIRD Mimus polyglottos
__   BROWN THRASHER Toxostoma rufum
__   EUROPEAN STARLING Sturnus vulgaris
__   American Pipit Anthus rubescens
__   CEDAR WAXWING Bombycilla cedrorum
__   BLUE‑WINGED WARBLER Vermivora pinus
__   GOLDEN‑WINGED WARBLER Vermivora chrysoptera
__   Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina
__   Orange‑crowned Warbler Vermivora celata
__   Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla
__   NORTHERN PARULA Parula americana
__   YELLOW WARBLER Dendroica petechia
__   CHESTNUT‑SIDED WARBLER Dendroica pensylvanica
__   Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
__   Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina
__   BLACK‑THROATED BLUE WARBLER Dendroica caerulescens
__   Yellow‑rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata
__   BLACK‑THROATED GREEN WARBLER Dendroica virens
__   BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER Dendroica fusca
__   Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
__   PRAIRIE WARBLER Dendroica discolor
__   Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum
__   Bay‑breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea
__   Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
__   CERULEAN WARBLER Dendroica cerulea
__   BLACK‑AND‑WHITE WARBLER Mniotilta varia
__   AMERICAN REDSTART Setophaga ruticilla
__   WORM‑EATING WARBLER Helmitheros vermivorus
__   OVENBIRD Seiurus aurocapillus
__   NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH Seiurus noveboracensis
__   LOUISIANA WATERTHRUSH Seiurus motacilla
__   KENTUCKY WARBLER Oporornis formosus
__   Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis
__   Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia
__   COMMON YELLOWTHROAT Geothlypis trichas
__   HOODED WARBLER Wilsonia citrina
__   Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
__   CANADA WARBLER Wilsonia canadensis
__   YELLOW‑BREASTED CHAT Icteria virens
__   SCARLET TANAGER Piranga olivacea
__   EASTERN TOWHEE Pipilo erythrophthalmus
__   American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea
__   CHIPPING SPARROW Spizella passerina
__   FIELD SPARROW Spizella pusilla
__   VESPER SPARROW Pooecetes gramineus
__   SAVANNAH SPARROW Passerculus sandwichensis
__   GRASSHOPPER SPARROW Ammodramus savannarum
__   Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca
__   SONG SPARROW Melospiza melodia
__   Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
__   SWAMP SPARROW Melospiza georgiana
__   WHITE‑THROATED SPARROW Zonotrichia albicollis
__   White‑crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
__   DARK‑EYED JUNCO Junco hyemalis
__   Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus
__   Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
__   NORTHERN CARDINAL Cardinalis cardinalis
__   ROSE‑BREASTED GROSBEAK Pheucticus ludovicianus
__   INDIGO BUNTING Passerina cyanea
__   RED‑WINGED BLACKBIRD Agelaius phoeniceus
__   EASTERN MEADOWLARK Sturnella magna
__   Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus
__   COMMON CRACKLE Quiscalus quiscula
__   BROWN‑HEADED COWBIRD Molothrus ater
__   ORCHARD ORIOLE Icterus spurius
__   BALTIMORE ORIOLE Icterus galbula
__   PURPLE FINCH Carpodacus purpureus
__   HOUSE FINCH Carpodacus mexicanus
__   Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea
__   Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus
__   AMERICAN GOLDFINCH Carduelis tristis
__   Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
__   HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus

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